Power Saving Guideline

Slogan About Power Saving Guideline

Power Saving Guideline

  • Save more than 50% if you switch to tube lights/CFL.
  • Keep your bulbs clean. The cleaner you keep brighter they glow.
  • When you're not there switch them off.
  • Save more with electronic regulators for fans.
  • Run them slow if you can and small fans for smaller rooms.
  • Save even more if you look after your fridge by not keeping it empty.Always try to stock it well.
  • Don't keep opening the door for too long and No warm food.

Power Safety Guideline : To Keep Your Children Safe

  • Keep your children away from electrical equipment.
  • Never allow your children to play with electric appliances, tools or electric switchboards.
  • Your children should be asked to be very careful to never climb the trees that has power lines through or near the limbs. It may cause a danger of electrocution to anyone in or near the tree.
  • Never allow your children to fly kites, model airplanes or balloons near overhead power lines, with a wire or a wet string, even when the weather is fair. Ask them to leave the kite string when it gets caught in power lines and not try to remove the string from the lines
  • keep your children stay away from transformer boxes that is not locked or put anything in any holes in them. This is as dangerous.

Power Safety Guideline : To keep your home safe

  • Install clean & proper wiring.
  • Regular checkups should be done .
  • Always use three pin plugs with earthing.
  • Use a main switch that's easy to use.
  • Use circuit breakers.

Power Safety Guideline : Inside

  • Never touch a switch with wet hands.
  • If something seems wrong with an appliance or tool, or it gives even the slightest shock, disconnect it. Have it repaired or discard it.
  • Always disconnect small appliances and tools before cleaning them.
  • To disconnect an appliance or tool, don't pull the cord; instead, grasp the plug and pull it from the switchboard.
  • Don't run extension cords under a carpet or flooring. Be sure that the size of your extension cord is adequate for the tool or appliance. Also don't overload a switchboard with too many plugs.
  • No one, neither a child -- nor an adult, can tell if an electric wire is off or on simply by looking at it. So, whenever near an electric wire or appliance, if you do not know for sure that it is off, you must treat it as being alive and possibly dangerous, even if you do not see that it is plugged-in.
  • Electric cords should never be warm when in use and should never show any wear or damage. This could cause a fire.
  • No one, neither a child -- nor an adult, can tell if an electric wire is off or on simply by looking at it. So, whenever near an electric wire or appliance, if you do not know for sure that it is off, you must treat it as being alive and possibly dangerous, even if you do not see that it is plugged-in.
  • Any plug-in appliance should always be unplugged when it is not being used. Many people are injured and home fires started by leaving appliances plugged-in when not in use.
  • Most appliances, such as the television, need to have a free flow of air around them so they do not overheat and start a fire.
  • Never turn on an appliance when you are on a wet floor or in the bathtub or shower.

Power Safety Guideline : Outside

  • If you come upon an overhead power line that is low or lying on the ground, always assume that any one who touches it or comes near it will be killed. A low hanging wire, or one lying on the ground, can suddenly move some distance blown by wind or even from electricity in the wire itself. Always stay a good distance away
  • Never touch or approach downed power lines. Always assume that downed wires are energised. Call CESC Emergency Depot immediately to report downed wires.
  • Keep ladders and other conductive objects away from electric lines. If you don't know whether an object is live -- play it safe, and assume that it is.
  • Don't use electric tools near water or in the rain.
  • Keep antennas and long-handled equipment away from power lines.
  • Be sure your electric tools are double insulated or have a three-pin plug.
  • Never enter a substation or fenced enclosure that surrounds electrical equipment. The fenced-off area is extremely dangerous.

Energy Terminology : Some important electrical terms

  • Ampere (or amp) is the measure of the rate of flow of electricity -- comparable to flow of water through a hose. Branch circuits, fuses and circuit breakers are rated in amperes to indicate the amount of electricity they can carry safely.
  • Volt is a measure of electric force. The volt is the force behind the current, or amps, flowing through a wire. Just as the amp can be compared to the amount of water flowing through a hose, the volt can be compared to the amount of pressure that is pushing that water.
  • Watt is a unit of power that does work electrically. Mathematically, the watt is the product of amperes times volts.
  • Watt-hour is the measurement of electrical energy used -- measured as one watt of electricity used for one hour.
  • Circuit Breakers and Fuses are safety devices that automatically cut the flow of electricity when a circuit is overloaded. In the fuse, an element melts when overloaded, stopping the flow. In the circuit breaker, a switch is tripped when it is overloaded. Once the cause of the overload has been corrected, the fuse must be replaced. The circuit breaker can simply be reset after the cause of the overload has been corrected. Circuit breakers and fuses are preset to appropriate amperage ratings, and it is important for the safety of your home or business that the amperage ratings in the main service panel be observed.
  • Kilowatt-hour is 1,000 watt-hours, abbreviated "kwh." On electric bills, this indicates the amount of electric energy used. A 100-watt lamp operated for 10 hours (100 watts x 10 hours) uses 1,000 watt-hours -- or 1 kwh.
  • Main Service Panel (still known as the "fuse box" in many homes) is a metal box that houses the circuit breakers or fuses. The main service panel serves as the point from which the electricity is distributed to branch circuits throughout your home for appliance, equipment and lighting outlets
  • Electric Service Entrance normally consists of wires enclosed in conduit, a proper ground, your electric meter base and the main service panel -- in other words, essentially the entire apparatus that is necessary to safely take electricity into your home.

Energy Terminology : Why fuses blow, what to do and how to replace a blown fuse

  • Fuses and circuit breakers are the safety valves of your electrical circuits and are located in your main service panel. The two most common causes that effect the blowout of fuse and circuit breaker trips are.
  • Overload: Too many appliances, lights, fans may be on the circuit. This is the main reason of Overloading.It can be corrected by disconnecting one or more of the devices in use at the time of the interruption
  • Short Circuit: A short circuit is an electrical fault in your wiring or in a piece of equipment that is connected to it. Call your electrician to locate and correct the problem. Common causes of shorts are frayed cords or damaged plugs. Any time you spot a frayed cord or damaged plug, have it repaired/replaced immediately.
    • Be sure no water is on the wall or floor near the service panel.
    • Turn off the main switch or remove the main fuse, thus cutting off all the current to your home and assuring your safety while you change other fuses.
    • Unscrew the burned-out fuse. The scorched or discoloured face of the fuse makes it easy to spot.
    • Screw in a new fuse of the proper size. DO NOT replace with a fuse of larger capacity.
    • Turn the main switch back on or replace the main fuse. That's all.
  • To restore a tripped circuit breaker: Many homes and apartments today have miniature circuit breakers (MCB) instead of fuses. Instead of blowing out when trouble develops, a lever, which looks much like a light switch, trips from ON to, or toward, OFF, thus breaking the circuit.
  • Be sure no water is on the wall or floor near the service panel.
  • Move the lever all the way to OFF and then to ON, just as if you were moving a light switch.

Energy Terminology : How's your "housepower"?

  • The capacity of the wiring in your house is often called "housepower," or how much electrical power your house is equipped to use.
  • You have full housepower when the wiring is designed to carry sufficient electricity for all the lights, appliances, tools and other devices. Full housepower means that the house has enough circuits, switches, and outlets to handle the electric load, that they're all properly located -- and that the wiring meets all national and local standards.
  • Low housepower means the wiring is inadequate. Some indications of low housepower are :-
    • The TV picture shrinks noticeably when appliances are turned on.
    • Fuses blow or circuit breakers trip frequently
    • Lamps go dim when appliances are turned on.
    • Appliances operate slowly or at noticeably less than full power.
    • Too few outlets are available where you need them.
  • Low house power can be dangerous. Contact a qualified electrician to upgrade the wiring.